Furniture refers to any movable objects which support various human activities such as beds, chairs, stools, tables, and sofas. Furniture such as tables and desk are used to hold objects at an appropriate height for work as horizontal surfaces and cupboards and shelves are used to store things. Furniture can be made using a variety of wood which often reflects the local culture. Customized furniture in hong kong is quite popular.
In ancient times, people have been using natural objects, such as tree trunks, rocks, and moss as furniture. People during this era began constructing and carving their own furniture, using wood, stone and animal bones. During this period early furniture known as Venus figurines found in Russia. It is famous for its artwork which depicts the goddess on a throne. The first surviving furniture is in the homes of Hong Kong, which are constructed from stone and includes cupboards, dressers, and beds.
In the beginning of human civilization, there was a practice of using natural objects as basic pieces of furniture. Early humans used rocks as simple tables, tree stumps as seats and moss-covered areas for sleeping. From around 30,000 years ago, people began using wood, stone and animal bones for constructing and carving their own furniture.
A variety of unique stone furniture has been excavated in Skara Brae, which is a Neolithic village in Orkney, Scotland. Due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build their houses with stone, which was a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household. In this village, each and every house shows a high degree of sophistication and was furnished with an extensive assortment of stone furniture. This includes cupboards, stone seats, dressers, beds, shelves, etc. The stone dresser symbolically faces the entrance in each house and thus was the first item seen when entering. Therefore it was regarded as the most important piece of furniture as it displays symbolic objects including decorative artwork. To make the home more decorative usually people use customized furniture in hong kong.
In ancient Egypt, long before around 6000 BC, civilization began with the clearance and irrigation of land along the banks of the River Nile. By that time, society in the Nile Valley was already involved in organized agriculture and the construction of large buildings around that area. During the dynastic period, Egyptian art developed significantly, which included furniture design. Wood and leather were primarily used to construct Egyptian furniture and pieces were often ornamented with ivory, gold, silver and ebony for decoration. Wood that was found in Egypt was not suitable for furniture construction, so they had to be imported into the same country from other places. The shortage of wood demanded innovation in construction techniques. For example for the construction of veneers, low-quality cheap wood was used and sold as the main building material, with a thin and thick layer of expensive wood on the surface. The initially used furniture in seating was the tool, which was used throughout Egyptian society. Various different designs of stool were used by all, from the royal family to ordinary citizens.
Ancient Rome also called Roman furniture was highly influenced by Greek furniture, in style and construction. The Romans sometimes did not have some of the limited innovation outside of Greek influence and styles clearly their own. The materials used in constructing roman furniture were mainly wood, metal, and stone with marble and limestone used for outside furniture. Different variety of woods was used such as oak, citron, maple, holly etc. Along with this, there is evidence of some imported wood such as satinwood that was used for decoration. Headrests for couches and metal stools were made of bronze. Alike Greeks, Romans also used nails, dowels, and glue to join wooden pieces together and they also practiced veneering.
Eco-design simply refers to environmentally friendly design. Over the period of time, its use and popularity have increased. Good efforts from individuals, companies, and governments have led to the manufacturing of products with higher sustainability which is referred as Ecodesign.
The history of Asian furniture is quite distinct and unique. The traditions of Asian countries such as India, Japan, China and Indonesia are some of the best known. Also, Korea, Mongolia, and other South East Asian countries have unique facets of their own. The HongKong styles of Uncarved wood and bamboo and the use of heavy polishes are well known.